Regulations and policies
Connected and automated driving technologies have experienced a rapid development and promise a massive deployment in Europe and internationally. In order to further push forward these technologies, coordination is needed to prevent a patchwork of rules and procedures and encourage a harmonised approach in research, development, testing and deployment, therefore increasing market and policy certainties.
Evolving from the Horizon 2020 project CARTRE (Coordination of Automated Road Transport Deployment for Europe, 1/10/2016 – 30/09/2018), the objective of the ARCADE project is to further analyse regulations coming into force in several European Member States, as well as at international level, as well as to review the standards and guidelines related of vehicles with high levels of automation from different perspectives.
To that aim, the most relevant initiatives are mentioned in this section as well as links to detailed information. This information is of interest for those organizations working on Automated Vehicles, including research institutions, industry and regulating authorities. The Regulation and Policies section compiles the following information:
- The current status and future regulatory needs of legislative bases and success factors for the approval of automated vehicles on public roads. Regulations for automated driving functions. Admittance legislation for current vehicles is only on the European level, and restricted to SAE level 2 (Type Approval).
- National regulations (EU, NON-EU) in order to run tests involving connected and automated vehicles. The National legislation focuses only on Field Operational Tests (experiments and demonstrations) for SAE levels 3 and higher. Found documentation of European counties that allow open road testing are Austria, Belgium, Germany, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and the UK.
- Standards and Guidelines to be used in development and validation.
- Guidelines for future EU level projects to test AD vehicles on public roads across Europe.
- Design and validation guidelines for ADAS and AD.
- Some standards are concerned with Key Enable Technologies (i.e. Connectivity) and design processes such as Safety and Cybersecurity.